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Steps to ensure healthy vision for children

In the field of ophthalmology, contract research organizations strive towards a common goal to finding cures. Some circles of study focus on the pediatric aspect of medicine, finding cures for genetic or early onset disease indications that affect young children.  In life, accidents happen, and we can only do what we can to protect our children, but for the preventable, we want to ensure that every avenue of protection and prevention is explored. 

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When searching for solutions to preserve and protect our children's vision, three categories can stop the accidents or indications from happening altogether, provide effective at-the-scene alternatives to treat the problem, and how to use research and skills to recover from an accident or ophthalmic indication. Protecting the vision of our children can be broken down into prevention, treatment, and recovery. 

Prevention

A child has many tools available to prevent eye injury and management of current indications. Close to 50% of all eye injuries happen in sports and recreational activities. 

  • Taking your child to their yearly eye exam
  • In the summer months, ensure that your children stay away from fireworks
  • Use ANSI-approved eye wear for yard work and potentially dangerous craft projects
  • If they are participating in sports, make sure they are wearing proper eye protection
    • Goggles for swimming, racket sports, motor sports and skiing/snowboarding
    • Sunglasses with a 100% UV protection rating for the outdoors
    • Active eye wear that has their prescription made for them

Treatment

From a triage perspective, the swift and effective treatment of an eye injury or lingering indication takes a priority in preserving a young child's sight. There are two important rules when dealing with an on-demand eye injury when a child is affected: knowing when to treat and when not to treat. Basic irritants such as sand, dirt and other foreign bodies seemingly on the surface of the eye can be washed by the parent or guardian and monitored for lingering affects. However, if the foreign object seems to be embedded in the eyeball then emergency medical attention is required immediately

Recovery

After an incident or surgery, there are considerations when the patient is a child. There may be larger risks associated with recovering from, for example Cataract surgery. Not only risks associated with recovery but the chance of re-operation are more prevalent in the pediatric sector. Say, for instance your child develops blood in the eyeball for an elongated period of time, a symptom of Hyphema associated with trauma to the eye. It is imperative to visit your eye doctor daily until the bleeding has subsided. They have to ascertain that the risk of the bleeding getting worse is not there anymore, because increase of blood in the eye can lead to clotting, or worse, high pressure in the eye.